With such a large landmass, Turkey enjoys a variety of climates, earning the country the nickname ‘the land of four seasons’ (dort mevsim). From the temperate climate of the Black Sea region, where 80% of the world’s hazlenuts are produced, to the continental climate of the interior, and the Mediterranean climates of the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts, Turkey’s weather systems are geographically diverse.
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Marmara, Aegean, and Mediterranean coasts:
These coastal regions have a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. The swimming season becomes shorter the further north one goes: South Aegean and Mediterranean April to October.
Black Sea Coast:
Temperate climate with warm summers, mild winters, and relatively high rainfall.
These areas have a steppe climate with hot, dry summers, cold winters.
Long snowy, cold winters with mild summers.
These areas have a hot summer with mild, rainy winters.